Category Archives: Food and Drink

Research – Protecting the Wine Industry From Constant Threats

Wine starts and can end in the vineyard; mites/insects (visible and microscopic), diseases, mildew, and Mother Nature make it a miracle wine ever makes it onto the shelf.

Even as vineyard managers adopt Biodynamic®, organic or sustainable vineyard practices, there will always be challenges to maintaining healthy vines. The most recognized disaster of the 19th century for the wine industry was phylloxera; a disease in which a small bug feeds on the roots of vines. With no known totally effective preventative measures, research discovered there were ways to minimize the phylloxera impact; the solution was and is through grafting species onto rootstocks that are phylloxera resistant. This is just one example of the constant need for research to sustain the wine industry.

Most research today involving vines; farming practices; diseases and pest control methods, are conducted by universities throughout the U.S. However, there are some private research efforts too. In the winery there are many techniques that impact/imbue the characteristics of wine. But, research is ongoing to develop new varieties that will meet certain grower and winery specification for improved disease control, aromas, taste, yields and climate change adaptations. Additionally, there is ongoing efforts to develop vines that can withstand extreme temperatures, poor soil conditions (such as salinity), and altitude effects. University of California-Davis’ Dr. Andrew Walker is very involved with the issue of grapes grown in saline in soil.

Assam CTC Black Tea And Orthodox Tea – How Are They Different?

Assam tea is one of the presumed brands in Indian tea advertise. It is essentially characterized into two noteworthy heads – CTC and Orthodox – as indicated by their style of generation. Leaves are acquired from a similar plant however they are delivered in various styles and thus, their names are diverse as well.

Customary and CTC Assam Blends – Pointing Their Differences

Generation Methods

Customary mixes are delivered through conventional techniques which incorporate –






Since the style is conventional, the mix is named Orthodox. Despite what might be expected, Assam CTC dark tea is delivered with the assistance of cutting edge techniques. This style incorporates Crushing, Tearing and Curling of the tea leaves.


Customary Assam tea is delivered through conventional techniques and thus, requires a great deal of human power and is likewise tedious. That is the reason, this variation is additionally elite. While CTC is very generation amicable and produces quality refreshment at a quick rate. Hence, this variation can satisfy the need of tea advertise around the world. Assam CTC tea is likewise moderate and accessible to worldwide buyers.

Goal of Production

Assam tea domains creating universal mixes goes for safeguarding the tea leaves while organizations delivering CTC mixes center around quick generation of value tea for satisfying the need of worldwide market. The conventional variation requires substantially more consideration than the advanced assortment in light of the fact that universal teas are fragile and inclined to contaminated and harm.

Flavor Profiles

On the off chance that a consumer is searching for a credible tea experience, at that point he ought to settle on conventional mixes as they give more certified involvement than CTC mixes. Being a mix of a wide range of teas, standard offers a sensitive and complex flavor. It additionally has positive effect on wellbeing and health of individuals. CTC teas, then again, have an astringent flavor. This unmistakable kind of CTC makes it appropriate for masala chai.